Tag Archive | Civil War

Union Square

May 26th Celebrates Union Square

Today on, “Days to Remember,” we celebrate how on May 26th 1958, Union Square, San Francisco became a state historical landmark.

Union Square was originally a tall sand dune, and the square was later set aside to be made into a public park in 1850. Union Square got its name from the pro-Union rallies held there on the eve of the Civil War. The monument itself is also a tribute to the sailors of the United States Navy.

Union Square was built and dedicated by San Francisco’s first American mayor John Geary in 1850 and is so named for the pro-Union rallies that happened there before and during the United States Civil War.

Since then the plaza has undergone many notable changes, one of the most significant happening in 1903 with the dedication of a 97 ft. tall monument to Admiral George Dewey’s victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish–American War, it also commemorates U.S. President William McKinley, who had been assassinated.

Today’s YouTube presentation brought to you by user name, (Maps of World), gives you a little slide show and movie of how the Union Square in San Francisco looks like. As we celebrate how on May 26th 1958, Union Square, San Francisco became a state historical landmark.

Union Square is the heartbeat of San Francisco ever-changing, eternally celebrating, yet firmly rooted in its rich past.

In 1847, the City of San Francisco commissioned Jasper O’Farrell to lay out a design for its streets and parks. Union Square was one of two public squares.

It was named on the eve of the Civil War as a demonstration of support for the Union.

In the 1930s, the Union Square Garage Corporation was formed and lobbied for permission to build the world’s first underground parking structure. After a California Supreme Court decision, permission was granted and they broke ground on May 31, 1941.

Today, Union Square retains its role as the ceremonial “heart” of San Francisco, serving as the site of many public concerts and events, art shows, impromptu protests, private parties and events, winter ice rink and the annual Christmas tree and Menorah lighting. Public views of the square can be seen from surrounding buildings.

As celebrate how on May 26th 1958, Union Square, San Francisco became a state historical landmark.

Written & Designed by JD Mitchell


Harry Burden

November 23rd Celebrates Harry Burden

Today on Days to Remember we celebrate how Harry Burden patented the horse shoe manufacturing machine on November 23rd 1835.

Henry Burden was a prolific inventor, but it was his horseshoe machine that made a mark in history as a key factor in the Union’s victory during the Civil War.

Today, we worry about tires and the price of gas for our cars. Horseshoes and horseshoe nails never cross our minds – unless we happen to own a horse. In the first half of the 19th century, however, as more and more horses and mules were used for farming and transportation, horseshoes became a valuable necessity.

Henry Burden was born April 22, 1791, on a small farm near Dunblane on the River Forth in Scotland. The boy was a natural mechanic who tinkered with and repaired his father’s and the neighbor’s farm machinery.

Henry sailed for America in 1819 and soon found himself working at a machine shop in Albany, N.Y.

Three years later, the Troy Iron & Nail Factory across the Hudson River from Albany hired Henry as superintendent. He invented a machine to make spikes. When the fledgling B&O Railroad began to lay flat iron rails westward from Baltimore in 1830, he designed a machine to make the rail spikes needed for the project.

Henry apparently had long thought about a machine to make horseshoes.

On November 23, 1835, he patented such a device. He continued to improve the machine, which took a red-hot iron bar and cut off a correct length before a series of dies pressed the bar into shape, thinning the inner edge and pinching and thickening the heels, while forming the grooves and punching the nail holes.

Henry began to manufacture horseshoes at his shop, which was capable of turning out 60 finished horseshoes every minute.

At the start of the Civil War, Henry Burden & Sons (Burden had bought and renamed the Troy Iron & Nail Factory in 1848) was in a position to supply Union Armies with millions of horseshoes. It has been written that, without Henry Burden & Sons, the Northern Armies would have been unable to mount the several large-scale invasions of the South that eventually resulted in a Union victory.

After Henry’s death in 1871, his descendants ran the firm (later called the Burden Iron Co.) until 1940, when it was sold to Republic Steel. The plant was shut down in 1968, but the fancy office building is still in use as headquarters of the Hudson-Mohawk Industrial Gateway.

Today’s YouTube presentation brought to you by user name, (Huf Eisen), gives you a brief history of horse shoeing throughout history, as we celebrate how Harry Burden patented the horse shoe manufacturing machine on November 23rd 1835.

Why is horse shoeing important for horses?

Horses need shoes just like people do, to a new horse owner, maintaining your horse’s hooves may seem like a fussy way to spend your time, but it’s an important part of keeping your horse healthy.

Their hooves, which were adaptable in the wild where travel was constant and varied, get too long and uneven under domestic conditions. Hooves, like our toenails, have to be kept trimmed back or their growth makes them frail and uneven, causing large pieces to break off. If your horse’s hooves break, split or grow unevenly, they can cause your horse to become lame.

When people wear shoes that don’t fit properly, their balance and spinal health are compromised: proper hoof care for horses is as important as wearing properly fitting shoes is for humans.

Hooves grow about a quarter inch each month, and need trimming to stay even and to prevent breakage. The farrier removes the shoes, trims the hooves and replaces the shoes. Shoes won’t keep your horse’s hooves from growing; if they aren’t trimmed often enough or if they shoes stay on too long, your horse will go lame. Sometimes the shoes can be reused; your farrier will decide.

If your horse has tough, smooth hooves that aren’t inclined to get too long in the toe or deform in other ways, and if your activities don’t require special shoes for support, you horse may be able to get along fine barefoot. The hooves will still need trimming every six weeks: many horse owners learn to do this work themselves, and that’s something to neigh about as we celebrate, how Harry Burden patented the horse shoe manufacturing machine on November 23rd 1835.

Written & Designed by JD Mitchell

Clara Barton

May 21st Celebrates Clara Barton

If you haven’t guess yet who Clara Barton is, and why today were celebrating her. On May 21st 1881, the American branch of the Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton on that day.

Clarissa Harlowe Barton, which is her full name, is one of the most honored women in American history. She began teaching school at a time when most teachers were men and she was among the first women to gain employment in the federal government, which wasn’t an easy task in the 1800’s.

Barton risked her life to bring supplies and support to soldiers in the field during the Civil War. At age 60, she founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and led it for the next 23 years.

Her intense devotion to serving others resulted in appreciating other in their time of need, and have been an historical example for us to look back on, to push on with our life, in having empathy for others.

How did the symbol of Red Cross come about?

When Clara Barton visited Europe in search of rest in 1869, she was introduced to a wider field of service through the Red Cross in Geneva.

A more immediate call to action occurred in 1870 with the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. Though not yet allied to the Red Cross, Barton knew the needs of victims of battle and went to the war zone with volunteers of the International Red Cross. To protect herself with the newly accepted international symbol of the Red Cross (the reverse of the Swiss national flag which bears a white cross on a red field), was fashioned by Clara the opposite direction a red cross bearing on a white background.

Clara Barton published several books about the beginnings of the American Red Cross and the global Red Cross network. She also wrote The Story of My Childhood, intended as one of a series of short autobiographies detailing aspects of her life which she never completed. She died on April 12, 1912, at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland, and was buried in the Barton family cemetery plot in Oxford, Massachusetts.

In lieu of today’s story, today, the supporters, volunteers and employees of the American Red Cross provide compassionate care in five critical areas:

• People affected by disasters in America
• Support for members of the military and their families
• Blood collection, processing and distribution
• Health and safety education and training
• International relief and development

Thanks to Clara Barton, without her efforts there would be no Red Cross Organization available to us.

Written and Designed by JD Mitchell

J.D Mitchell Design Studio