The Stenotype

April 11th Celebrates The Stenotype

Today on Days to remember we celebrate how on April 11th 1876 John C. Zachos patented the stenotype.

The stenotype machine was patented by John C. Zachos of New York City. (Patent No. 175,892) was the first patent device that printed legible text in the English alphabet, but what is a stenotype?

It’s a machine that resembles a typewriter that is used for recording speech in syllables or phonemes that stenographer could type on to record conversations inside a court room.

Did you know the actor Harvey Keitel got a job as court room stenographer?

Today’s YouTube presentation brought to you by user name, (Cristiana Guggeri) gives you a brief history of Harvey Keitel as a stenographer.

A stenograph machine, sometimes mistaken for a stenotype, is simply a machine that writes shorthand. The stenograph is used by a stenographer, who specializes in the field of Court Reporting.

The stenographer uses a technique on the stenotype machine known as “chording”.

If you have ever played a musical instrument, this would make perfect sense to you.

When you hit a series of buttons or strings, you essentially create a sound; the same process is done on the stenograph machine.

A chord can stand for a syllable, a word or even an entire phrase. Each chord entered into a stenotype machine creates one line on the steno paper. Each row of steno paper contains 22 columns in which one character will be printed for each key on the keyboard and are printed out in this order from left to right.

So exactly how does this work to make sentences?

There have been a number of techniques, such as “briefs”, which are chord abbreviations and have been used to optimize the stenographer’s typing performance.

However, each stenographer has his or her own techniques to optimize their performance. Essentially, each stenographer has his or her own “traits”.

Written & Designed by JD Mitchell
jdmitchelldesigns@gmail.com

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