The Roller Coaster

January 20th Celebrates The Roller Coaster

Today on Days to Remember we celebrate how on January 20th 1885 the first roller coaster ride was patented by L.A. Thompson.

Known as LaMarcus Adna Thompson, was an American inventor and businessman most famous for developing a variety of gravity rides.

On March 8, 1848, Thompson as a adolescence became a skilled carpenter.

In 1873 he began operating a grocery store in Elkhart, Indiana. There he began designing a device to manufacture seamless hosiery. He made a fortune in that business, but failing health forced him to quit it.

Thompson is best known for his early work developing roller coasters, and is sometimes called the “Father of the Gravity Ride”. He did not invent the roller coaster.

The history of the roller coaster dates back to at least the 17th century, and John G. Taylor obtained an earlier patent under the name “Inclined Railway”; however, over his lifetime, Thompson accumulated nearly thirty patents related to roller coaster technologies, but today were honoring the patent he received on January 20th 1885, which was originally made out of wood not steel.

Doesn’t sound safe? Does it?

Who really invented the roller coaster?

The oldest roller coasters are believed to have originated from the so-called “Russian Mountains”, which were specially-constructed hills of ice, located in an area that would later become St. Petersburg, which was built in the 17th century.

Some historians say the first roller coaster was built under the orders of Russia’s Catherine the Great in the Gardens of Oranienbaum in Saint Petersburg in the year 1784.

Other historians believe that the first modern roller coaster was built by the French.

I guess you can say over the years the roller coaster coasted its way towards different inventors.

The name Russian Mountains to designate a roller coaster is preserved in most Latin languages. However, the Russian term for roller coasters is “американские горки” (“amerikanskiye gorki”), which means “American Mountains”.

Today’s YouTube presentation brought to you by user name, (BroadcastExchange), brings you a small explanation of the history of the roller coaster. As we celebrate the first patent of the roller coast today on January 20th.

By 1919, the first under friction roller coaster had been developed by John Miller.

Soon, roller coasters spread to amusement parks all around the world. Perhaps the best known historical roller coaster called, “The Cyclone,” which was opened at Coney Island in 1927.

In 1959 Disneyland introduced a new design breakthrough with Matterhorn Bobsleds, which I have been on, and its great ride without going upside down.
So what makes a roller coaster become a ride, in other words how does it work?

The cars on a typical roller coaster are not self-powered. Instead, a standard full circuit coaster is pulled up with a chain or cable along the lift hill to the first peak of the coaster track.

The potential energy accumulated by the rise in height is transferred to kinetic energy as the cars race down the first downward slope. Kinetic energy is then converted back into potential energy as the train moves up again to the second peak. This hill is necessarily lower, as some mechanical energy is lost to friction.

Up or down, roller coasters are here to stay, for the thrill seekers of this world.

Written & Designed by JD Mitchell


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